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For police and emergency services we offer the package "driving with optical and sound signals (siren)". This consists of 4 lessons where the trainee drives to an accident. During the lesson, the trainee switches the siren on or off. The autonomous intelligent traffic detects the police car and responds to the siren, sometimes according to the prevailing traffic rules and rules involving priority vehicles, but sometimes with startle reactions or annoying behavior. There's a lesson on a highway and three in a city environment with different levels of complexity. In addition, the simulators can be connected to allow training of teams (team-based skills).
All lessons are recorded and during the recording, playback markers are added before entering each intersection, at an accident, of before special events such as a traffic jam. In addition, trainers can add playback marking events. After the session during debriefing, the lesson can be played back and the recording can be returned to each playback marker event. You can view the traffic situation from various different angles.
Description of lessons
Total lesson material, when all lessons are performed once, is around 10 clock hours. Lessons differ in length: durations may vary from a few minutes to 30 minutes per lesson. The instruction lessons, used during the first few hours of simulator training, are generally between 5 and 10 minutes. The operator may concatenate lessons into packages with the program ‘LessonConfig’. This is a package configurator for sequentially running lessons in a fixed order. You may make a package of 15 minutes or half an hour or whatever duration, depending on the requirements. For a description of the lessons and scenarios, see next.
The lessons have a certain logical order. For example, before the trainee starts to drive in a town (lesson P-Town) the priority rules have to be learned first and these rules have to be connected to the various situations involving right of way (the lessons I-Priority1 and I-Priority2). Also, it’s best to first learn the procedures for starting the engine and driving off (I-StartStop) and then to learn steering (I-Steer1 and I-Steer2). The best thing to do then is to first learn the traffic rules, traffic signs and to learn other basic skills before learning to change gear. Because of that, most instruction (I) lessons are done in Automatic gear.
The special manouvres are not trained in the simulator because the sense of movement is very important in these manoeuvres. It’s better to train things like reversing and reverse parking in a real car. Also, driving backwards is generally experienced as unpleasant because it may induce feelings of simulator sickness.
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Training for Fire Chiefs and Officers
A large number of people suffer from some form of driving fear or driving anxiety. The driving fear package on the simulator consists of 3 drives of 50 minutes each.
Each drive takes 50 minutes. During the simulated drive, the virtual instructor asks regularly to indicate the level of anxiety by pressing a button. You will notice that driving fear reduces after you drive for a while in the simulator. The training starts on a quiet rural (simulated) road. The second drive is in a town with more traffic and more complex traffic situations. The third drive is on a motorway with much more traffic that drives at a higher speed. The simulations are aimed at treating the anxiety you experience while driving in a effective manner. After each ride, you get a print with a graph that shows how fear developed during the drive.
Methods and techniques from the Virtual Reality realm are used increasingly to treat different types of fear. Het main advantage of virtual reality techniques, like simulators, is that you can practice in a safe but realistic environment while the simuli that provoke the fear can be presented in a structured and realistic way. People are then exposed to the fear provoking situations and they learn to cope with their fears which will result in a reduction of tensions and anxiety. This technique is called 'exposure in vivo'.
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Standard Operational Procedures
To make this all possible TrainID teamed up with STSoftware. In cooperation with Dutch universities and research institutes (University of Groningen, University of Delft, SWOV, TNO) ST Software has designed a general research simulator platform that standardizes various aspects of simulator based research. With this driving simulator platform, researchers are able to:
- Build databases
- Create experimental simulations
- Test these on a low-cost simulator from the desk-top
- Define all data to be sampled and stored
- Analyze the data
In addition, the platform creates a standard for:
- Logical and graphical databases
- Dependent variables like time-to-line crossing, time headway etc.
- Scenario specification language
Am 31.12.2017 endet die Übergangszeit in der sichergestellt werden muss, dass die EASA Richtlinien an europäischen Flughäfen angewendet werden. Die EASA Richtlinien geben zum ersten Mal für die Europäische Union verbindlich Struktur und Vorgaben für Flughäfen im Geltungsgebiet vor. Hierzu gehören auch die Vorgaben für die Flughafenfeuerwehren. Bisher wurden diese nach nationalem Recht und in Anlehnung an die internationalen ICAO Regeln aufgestellt und unterhalten.
Neu ist das jährlich abzuarbeitende Schulungsprogramm. Es gab zwar auch in der Vergangenheit Vorgaben zur Ausbildung von Flughafenfeuerwehrangehörigen, aber der direkte Zwang und die Pflicht zum Nachweis fehlten bisher in dieser dann geltenden starken Ausprägung. Hinzu kommt, dass durch jährliche Befähigungsüberprüfungen die Einsatzbereitschaft des einzelnen Feuerwehrangehörigen nachgewiesen werden muss. Hier gilt, dass der Flughafenbetreiber verantwortlich ist. Er darf sich zur Schulung und zur Befähigungsbeurteilung natürlich auch eines Dienstleisters bedienen. Der Schulungsdurchführende darf jedoch entsprechend dem Neutralitätsprinzip nicht die Befähigungsüberprüfungen durchführen.
TrainID bietet hierzu die geforderten EASA Befähigungsüberprüfungen im gesamten EASA Geltungsbereich an.
On 31.12.2017 the transition period ends to ensure that EASA policies are implemented at European airports.
EASA guidelines provide for the first time a mandatory structure and requirements for airportst within he European Union. These include the requirements for airport fire brigades or ARFF responders. Those requirements where previously been under national law and in accordance with the international ICAO requirements.
New is the mandatory training program. Of course this was also the case in the past (allthough these where guidelines for training of airport fire fighters), but the direct coercion and the mandatory nature to produce evidence of this training did not existed so far. In addition, the operational readiness of the individual fire fighters must be demonstrated by annual proficiency checks. For this the airport operator is now responsible. They may also make use of a service provider for training and for proficiency assessment. However, the training provider may not perform proficiency checks in accordance with the principle of neutrality.
TrainID provides this to the required EASA proficiency checks throughout the EASA scope.